Does not identify or examine most of the aspects of the argument relevant to the assigned task, although some relevant examination of the argument is present mainly discusses tangential or irrelevant matters, or reasons poorly. Identify any unsupported assumptions or holes in the argument consider the consequences of the beliefs presented philosophical thinking is an ongoing process, so it is important to identify questions for further thinking and to wonder about factors and circumstances that might change your view about a particular question. As some would argue that a deductive argument works from the top down, toward a conclusion, some comment that an inductive argument works from the bottom up this is mildly misleading what is meant by this is that an inductive logical argument begins with a firm affirmation of truth, a conclusive statement.
Any text written, spoken or visual that expresses a point of view is an argument also, use evidence and reason to discover some version of the truth leads audience towards conviction- claim true/ action is desirable. The first step is to identify the main argument and to put it in standard form and remember to be charitable once you have your standard form, you have to decide if the argument is to be evaluated as being deductive or non-deductive. Evaluate authors' argument, reasoning, and specific claims for the soundness of the arguments and the relevance of the evidence cc128i analyze two or more texts that provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.
It is noteworthy that each of these thinkers attempted to give scientifically-based arguments for the existence of god david hume is the most famous critic of these arguments in part ii of his famous dialogues concerning natural religion , hume formulates the argument as follows. Chapter 2 identifying arguments the starred items are also contained in the answer key in the back of the power of logic exercise 21 part a: arguments and nonarguments. 80 chapter 5 • writing literary arguments to present your own ideas and supply convincing support while also pointing out the strengths and weaknesses of opposing arguments. In the paragraph below, the writer effectively uses data to support his argument notice that the writer identifies and credits the source of the data, summarizes it succinctly, and states plainly in the.
Your argument will need to be more than a simple or obvious statement such as frank lloyd wright was a great architect such a statement might capture your initial impressions of wright as you have studied him in class however, you need to look deeper and express specifically what caused that greatness. Identify and trace arguments and evaluate reasoning in nonfiction texts identify and understand the argument techniques used in nonfiction texts explain how evaluating an argument helps a reader better understand an author's purpose. 3) identify and state the implicit (implied) reason behind each of the explicit (obvious) reason 4) evaluate whether or not the argument has adequately presented that evidence 5) examine the logic tied to the claim. When you examine arguments, it is a good idea to begin by identifying the conclusion and re-stating it in your own words try to determine exactly what the argument aims to show indicator words: sometimes writers use language that indicates the structure of the argument they are giving.
The writing process once you select a topic and complete enough research to commit yourself—at least tentatively—to your stance toward that topic, you are ready to begin writing. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Use what you've learned about joining words to identify the premises and conclusion(s) in the following argument most americans eat at fast-food establishments more than once a week, and many researchers agree that such. A crucial part of critical thinking is to identify, construct, and evaluate arguments in everyday life, people often use argument to mean a quarrel between people but in logic and critical thinking, an argument is a list of statements, one of which is the conclusion and the others are the premises or assumptions of the argument. Follow this link to see a sample argument that's full of fallacies (and then you can follow another link to get an explanation of each one) then there's a more well-constructed argument on the same topic.
Ments, when you are presented with an argument about an ethical issue, go through the same steps: identify the issue, identify the point, and identify the premises supporting that point (both those explicitly stated and those assumed. He does, however, identify two argument forms, the argument from example (paradeigma) and the argument from likeness (homoiotes), both closely related to what would we now recognize as an analogical argument. 2) identify the argument's claims, conclusions and underlying assumptions evaluate their quality 3) think of as many alternative explanations and counterexamples as you can 4) think of what specific additional evidence might weaken or lend support to the claims 5) ask yourself what changes in the argument would make the reasoning more sound.
Another aspect of understanding arguments is to examine the parts an argument can be broken down into three major components: premises , inferences , and a conclusion premises are statements of (assumed) fact which are supposed to set forth the reasons and/or evidence for believing a claim. The design argument is the simplest, most straightforward argument for the existence of god unlike the cosmological argument, the design argument can be stated in a few, easy-to-understand steps in a nutshell, the design argument claims that the fact that everything in nature seems to be put together in just the right manner suggests that an. Examine the authors, dates, references, layout, etc look at the web site address and domain it will help you identify the strengths and weaknesses check if the web site is an edu or a com. The argument assumes that the increase in homeowners is directly correlated with improved living, or, as the argument states, a superior place to live housing could simply be cheaper, causing an influx of people.