This essay compares karl marx's and js mill's understandings of freedom and their analyses of the impediments to its realization first, this essay argues that the two philosophers share the same premise that progress is possible and that mankind has the capacity to drive it second, this. The first, rather obvious, strike against athenian democracy is that there was a tendency for people to be casually executed it is understandable why plato would despise democracy, considering that his friend and mentor, socrates, was condemned to death by the policy makers of athens in 399 bce. Katherine cicardo economics-3 13 december 2012 aristotle vs mill: an individual's happiness john stuart mill's utilitarianism and aristotle's nicomachean ethics have very different views on what an individual's happiness is.
John stuart mill-enlightenment and the freedom of thought short biography john stuart mill was born in 1806, after the enlightenment and after the american declaration of independence, but his interpretation of the basic ideas of liberty, individual rights, women's rights, and other issues contribute to the continuing development of democratic ideas. The flaw in plato's argument is that he is assuming people will act a certain way just because they have freedom this misanthropic viewpoint is easily solved for when considering mill's view of individuality. Rojaiye tolulope (pau/smc/mscpt5/130037) ethics: perspectives of aristotle, immanuel kant and john stuart mill ethics is a branch of philosophy it is also called moral philosophy whilst philosophy is the endeavor to frame a coherent, logical, necessary system of general ideas in terms of which.
This article primarily examines the central ideas of his text utilitarianism, but the article's last two sections are devoted to mill's views on the freedom of the will and the justification of punishment, which are found in system of logic (1843) and examination of sir william hamilton's philosophy (1865), respectively. Due to the fact that j s mill during a long period of life was engaged in the research of different theories about the liberty, which obviously included the works of ancient philosophers, such as socrates, plato, aristotle, and so forth, his views were somehow. In a new book, yechiel jm leiter offers a hebraist interpretation of the political philosophy of john locke leiter holds that, despite locke's nominal affiliation with the church of england, and thus by inference, with christianity, the new testament plays a very limited role in his thinking. Plato's simile of the ship not only provides an account of the status of philosophers it also accuses democracy of being a form of government which is disordered and harmful.
In political competition, the best flute player must be the guy who got out of plato's cave and saw things in the bright day light both plato and aristotle believed that a true form of government will have that guy as their ruler, establishing the philosopher kingship (or monarchy or aristocracy. Plato's greatest achievement may be seen firstly in that he, in opposing the sophists, offered to decadent athens, which had lost faith in her old religion, traditions, and customs, a means by which civilization and the city's health could be restored: the recovery of order in both the polis and the soul. The challenge that plato's critique of democracy still poses is the question whether the citizens of today's democracies are interested and informed enough to participate meaningfully in the democratic process. Potentially, through tyranny of the majority, a disliked or unfavored ethnic, religious, political, social, or racial group may be deliberately targeted for oppression by the majority element acting through the democratic process. John stuart mill (1806-73) was the most influential english language philosopher of the nineteenth century he was a naturalist, a utilitarian, and a liberal, whose work explores the consequences of a thoroughgoing empiricist outlook.
John stuart mill (1806-1873) was the most famous and influential british philosopher of the nineteenth century he was one of the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributions in logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and social theory. John stuart mill (20 may 1806 - 8 may 1873), usually cited as j s mill, was a british philosopher, political economist, and civil servant one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism , he contributed widely to social theory , political theory , and political economy. Plato john stuart mill kant correct aristotle question 2 1 / 1 pts to live a good life and be the sort of people we ought to be, we need to develop a virtuous character that knows how to best satisfy one's inner desires.
Kant's moral law and mill's utilitarianism a 5 page paper discussing beginning differences in kant's and aristotle's views of the individual's rights and whether those of the individual are higher than those of the state in which he lives. The biggest problem in mill's democratic theory was, if we follow thompson's view, that the actual institutions mill proposed for achieving his goals were much too modest compared to his educational aims and his goal for participation of the masses in political issues (thompson, 1976: 178-9. John stuart mill vs immanuel kant the aim of this paper is to clearly depict how john stuart mill's belief to do good for all is more appropriate for our society than immanuel kant's principle that it is better to do what's morally just. In this paper, i will argue that john stuart mill's theories are the most reasonable compared to plato, marx, locke, and machiavelli moreover, mill's theories allow mankind to exercise individual rights to a greater extent than the theories of the other mentioned philosophers more than those.
Despite john stuart mill's widely respected contributions to philosophy and political economy, his work on political philosophy has received a much more mixed response some critics have even charged that mill's liberalism was part of a political project to restrain, rather than foster, democracy. Like plato's dialogue of the same name, cicero's republic embodies a comprehensive and ideal vision of political life in addition to a search for justice, the discussants explore such foundational issues as the relation between the individual and the state, the qualities of the ideal statesman, and the nature of political knowledge. John stuart mill's writings reveal clearly the hesitations and dilemmas of the improving liberal confronted by demands for political democracy, at a time when the integration of the masses into social and political life was a matter of.